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Refugee status

Who is a refugee?

  • A refugee is a person who, due to justified fears of persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, citizenship (nationality), belonging to a certain social group or political beliefs, is outside the country of his citizenship and has no possibility or desire to enjoy the protection of that country as a result of such fears or has no citizenship and is located outside the country of his / her previous permanent residence, has no possibility or desire to return due to these fears.

Legal protection of refugees

  • Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted on 28 July 1951 in Geneva
  • Ukrainian act “On Refugees and Persons in Need of Additional or Temporary Protection”

What are the rights of a refugee?

  • The right to work on equal terms with other foreigners;
  • The right to acquire accomodation on equal terms with other foreigners;
  • The right to receive medicine on equal terms with other foreigners;
  • The right to receive education on equal terms with other foreigners;
  • The right to choose a place of residence;
  • The right to move within the country;
  • The right to a trial on equal terms with other citizens of the country in which they are;
  • Other rights determined by the legislation of the host country.

How to obtain the refugee status?

  • In order to obtain the status of a refugee, you must submit an application with documents specified by the legislation of the host country to the authorized body;
  • If a Ukrainian citizen is abroad and cannot enter Ukraine safely, he or she should contact the Ukrainian embassy or consulate for clarification on how to obtain refugee status in the host country.

Deportation

  • Refugees, legally residing in the territory of the state, can not not expelled, except for reasons of national security or public order. Expulsion is carried out only for the execution of a court decision.
  • Refugees who have crossed the border illegally must immediately apply to the state authorities in order to obtain the refugee status and prevent further deportation.